Risks to user safety include abusive behaviour or cyberbullying, inappropriate behaviour, grooming and sexploitation. These risks can appear in a variety of different contexts, eg: chat rooms, text messages, e-mail, social networking sites and instant messaging. Risks to privacy include phishing and identity theft.
These risks generally result from the activity of malicious individuals and/or groups, rather than being software-driven. They are likely to be directed against people, rather than computers, so they are among the more dangerous types of threat.