Types of Cyberbullying

dreamstime_10003621According to the NSPCC  there were over 11,000 counselling sessions with young people who talked to Childline about online issues last year (2015)

Cyberbullying can take several forms and can include the following:

  • Cyberstalking: the use of technology to continuously stalk or harass an individual, a group or an organisation. It can include false allegations, monitoring of online behaviour, threats, identity theft, damage to data or equipment, or simply gathering information in order to harass.
  • Denigration: Sending malicious online messages through email, instant messaging, chat rooms, or websites set up to make fun of someone.
  • Flaming: online fights usually through emails, instant messaging or chat rooms where angry and rude comments are exchanged.
  • Harassment: repeatedly sending offensive, rude and insulting messages.  Unwanted texts can be a form of harassment. Online harassment can sometimes be a continuation of physical harassment.
  • Identity-theft, unauthorised access and impersonation: including pretending to be someone else when sending or posting mean or false messages online.  Public posting of private pictures or documents and falsely naming the victim as the author of a website or comment.
  • Manipulation: is a way of influencing or pressuring someone, using deceptive of abusive tactics, into revealing personal information or, into arranging a physical meeting.
  • Ostracising/peer-rejection/exclusion: this can include conspiring with others to remove individuals from “friend” lists on social networking sites, refusing to reply to emails or text messages, or intentionally leaving someone out of a group such as instant messaging, friend sites, or other online group activities.
  • Outing: includes making information that has been shared privately (via emails, pictures, texts, videos or other forms of communication) public.
  • Vilification/defamation: posting upsetting or defamatory remarks about an individual online. These may be general insults or prejudice-based bullying, eg: using mobile phones or email to send sexist, homophobic or racist messages or attacking other kinds of differences, such as appearance, disabilities or religious or cultural background.

Next: Tackling Cyberbullying